One of the most common phrases in research is “correlation does not equal causation.” Use what you learned in chapter 4 of Wheelan to explain this phrase.
We see examples of this type of reasoning everywhere. In fact, we have to use them to our advantage in some situations (parents have children reason that if the cookies and milk are gone on Christmas morning, and gifts are left by the tree, then Santa Claus must’ve stopped by and consumed them). Provide an example of when you’ve witnessed someone mistakenly equating correlation with causation. You can even use yourself as an example.